Objectives And Objectives Of Microbiology
(greek oikos - housing, habitat, logos - science) - The term was proposed in 1866 by the German zoologist, Ernst Geckel. Ecology became possible after extensive knowledge of the diversity of living organisms on Earth and the characteristics of their lifestyles in different habitats had been accumulated and it was understood that the construction, operation and development of all living creatures, their relationship with the habitat were subject to certain legal conditions that needed to be studied.
Environment objects are mainly systems above organism levels, i.e. studying the organization and functioning of organised systems: populations, bio-price (substances), biogeozones (ecosystems) and biosphere in general. In other words, ecosystems, i.e. single natural complexes formed by living organisms and habitats, are the main subjects of environmental study.
Environmental objectives Changes depending on the level of the living matter organization studied, and examines the pattern of population dynamics and patterns, as well as the interactions (competitiveness, predatory) between populations of different kinds. Challenges (biologs) Examination of the organization of different communities, or of bio-price, their structure and functioning (substances and energy transformation in food chains).
The main theoretical and practical challenge of the environment is to reveal the general legality of the organization of life and, on that basis, to develop principles for the management of natural resources in an increasingly human-induced environment on the biosphere.
The interaction of human society and nature has become a major challenge in the contemporary world, as the human situation with nature is often critical: fresh water and mineral resources (oil, gas, non-ferrous metals, etc.) are being exhausted, soil, water and air conditions are deteriorating, large areas of desertification occur, and the fight against diseases and pests of crops is complicated. Anthropogenic changes affected virtually all ecosystems of the planet, the gas composition of the atmosphere, the energy balance of the Earth. This means that human activity has been in conflict with nature, resulting in a dynamism in many parts of the world.